|| The Bucium valley is located in central part of Romania, in the south-west of the Transylvanian historical region, at 1,200 m. altitude, in the very heart of the Apuseni Mountains. The Bucium district consists of six old gold miner villages, whose people are famous for their hospitality, their traditions and their lighthearted nature. On the occasion of religious holidays the villagers wear their traditional gold woven Bucium costume. This region rich in mineral resources was already famous in the Late Bronze Age for his gold, silver and copper production. During the Iron Age, the Dacian population extended the gold production, the Transylvanian mines being already in use in the 3rd c. B.C.
While the Rosia Montana (ancient Alburnus Maior) region is better known through recent archaeological excavations, the Bucium valley is practically unexplored, although important Roman finds were reported here. The open-cast gold mines and underground workings from Bucium were part of the territory of the Roman town Ampelum (nowadays Zlatna).
As long as the Bucium area may be threatened by future mining projects, an extensive archaeological research in the valley is imperative, as part of the Bucium Programme. Other research directions will focus on Ethnography and Recent History.
The programme plans to develop the Bucium valley museum in an old traditional house of Bucium, and to establish a protected area, officialy declared as a National Heritage Park.